Census Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables, 2016 Census The first article examines family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 years and is entitled Diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4. An infographic entitled The Aboriginal population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population illustrates the demographic growth of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations and touches on Aboriginal languages in Canada. The Aboriginal peoples of Canada—First Nations people, Métis and Inuit—include a diverse range of histories, cultures and languages. Information is organized into broad categories, including analytical products, data products, reference materials, geography and a video centre. There were more than 70 distinct Aboriginal languages reported in the 2016 Census, more than 30 of which had at least 500 speakers. 22. Over this 10-year period, the First Nations population grew by 48.7% in Ontario and 37.5% in Quebec. The census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Winnipeg (92,810), Edmonton (76,205), Vancouver (61,460) and Toronto (46,315) had the largest Aboriginal populations. While the First Nations population in the Atlantic provinces is relatively small (73,655 or 7.5% of the total First Nations population), it more than doubled (+101.6%) from 2006 to 2016. The 2016 census reported 1.67 million Indigenous people in Canada … In the Northwest Territories, there were 21,160 Aboriginal people or 1.5% of the total Aboriginal population and 7,705 Aboriginal people lived in Yukon, less than 1% of the total. Statistics Canada released a new set of Census results on October 25, 2017. There were 14 incompletely enumerated reserves in 2016, which was down from 2006 and from 2011. Just over 1in 10 (12.1%) lived in Quebec, while 6.8% lived in the Northwest Territories (not including the Inuvialuit region) and Yukon. Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. The Métis population grew by 32.9% in the western provinces from 2006 to 2016, to 351,020 people. The 2011 NHS reported 1,400,685 people, or 4.3 per cent of the population, identified themselves as Aboriginal persons. The average age of the Aboriginal population was 32.1 years in 2016—almost a decade younger than the non-Aboriginal population (40.9 years). Data products include the Aboriginal population counts for a wide range of standard geographic areas, available through the Data tables, Census Profile and Highlight tables. B.C. Please refer to the Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016, for additional information on the census variables. The aboriginal population is the fastest growing segment of Canada. The target population of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey is composed of the Aboriginal identity population of Canada, living in private dwellings excluding people living on Indian reserves and settlements and in certain First Nations communities in Yukon and the Northwest Territories. For additional information, please refer to Guide to the Census of Population, 2016. About one in six (17.9%) Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 lived with grandparent(s) in 2016, either with a parent present or without. More than 70 Aboriginal languages were reported in the 2016 Census. January 16, 2017(Ottawa, ON) – Today, Statistics Canada announced the commencement of the 5th cycle of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). Aboriginal languages—grouped into 12 language families—have been central to the history of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada and continue to play a vital role to this day. This Aboriginal peoples quiz have various multiple choice questions will allow you to know the knowledge of Canada. The 2016 Census reaffirmed these trends. In the territories, the size of the Métis population was relatively unchanged from 10 years earlier. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. Inuit children in this age group were most likely to live with grandparent(s) (22.8%), followed by First Nations (21.2%) and Métis (10.5%) children. More than half of Indigenous peoples in Canada are believed to live in urban centres, which are considered to be an urban area having a population of at least 1,000 people and a population density of no fewer than 400 people per square kilometre. There were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada in 2016, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. Understanding the characteristics of young children aged 0 to 4 years is important, as early childhood experiences influence not only current but also future well-being. 11-001-X Table 1 Aboriginal identity population, Canada, 2016 € Number % Total Aboriginal identity population €1,673,785 €100.0 First Nations €€€€977,230 €€€58.4 Métis €€€€587,545 €€€35.1 The main map shows an attempt to depict the Aboriginal ethnic and linguistic situation as it existed when the various Aboriginal peoples were first met by … Today, the Métis population is present in every province, territory and city in Canada. This change has often been misunderstood simply as the movement by First Nations people away from reserves and into cities. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. According to population projections, the proportion of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations 65 years of age and older could more than double by 2036. Two main factors have contributed to the growing Aboriginal population: the first is natural growth, which includes increased life expectancy and relatively high fertility rates; the second factor relates to changes in self-reported identification. They also include the Census Dictionary, which defines census concepts and variables, and the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, which explains census concepts and changes made to the 2016 Census. This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. The term “Aboriginal” was used in the 2016 Census questionnaire to refer to First Nations people, Métis and Inuit living in Canada. Meanwhile,The housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada examines housing suitability and dwellings in need of repairs. First Nations people possess a rich cultural heritage of diverse languages, histories and homelands. For more information on the projected growth of the Aboriginal population, see the publication Projections of the Aboriginal population and households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. However, even in Regina, where Aboriginal population growth was the slowest among all CMAs, the Aboriginal population grew at a faster pace than the non-Aboriginal population. Data products. Chart 2 Growth rate (%) between 1996 and 2006, by Aboriginal identity. This reference guide also includes information about data quality and historical comparability, and comparisons with other data sources. This represented 2.0 hate crimes per 100,000 Aboriginal people in Canada in 2017. There are more than 600 unique First Nations/Indian Bands in Canada. Information about past and future releases from the census can be found through the 2016 Census Program release schedule. The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. The 2016 census reported 1.67 million Indigenous people in Canada … In general, the number of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who could speak an Aboriginal language was higher than the number with an Aboriginal mother tongue. The Aboriginal population more than doubled in seven CMAs from 2006 to 2016: St. John's, Halifax, Moncton, Québec, Saguenay, Sherbrooke and Barrie. The faster growth in the Aboriginal population (compared to 1.6% for the general Australian population) is the result of several factors and "… Indeed, the history of Canada would be incomplete without the stories of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. 10. c) Population share • Proportion in percentage of a subpopulation within a larger population. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population. Several 2016 Census products are also available today on the Census Program web module. This is a list of Indian reserves in Canada which have over 500 people, listed in order of population from data collected during the 2006 Census of Canada, unless otherwise cited from Aboriginal Affairs. This growth has been fuelled by higher fertility and changes to self-reported identification over time. In 2016, 867,415 Aboriginal people lived in a metropolitan area of at least 30,000 people, accounting for over half (51.8%) of the total Aboriginal population. Past censuses have emphasized two key characteristics of the Aboriginal population: that Aboriginal peoples are both young in age and growing in number. This suggests that people are learning an Aboriginal language as a second language. For the first time, Ontario had the largest Métis population in Canada at 120,585, up 64.3% from 2006 and accounting for one-fifth (20.5%) of the total Métis population. The increase in the urban population of Aboriginal peoples has been taking place for decades in Canada. That is up from 3.8 per cent in 2006 and 2.8 per cent in 1996. These results focus on Aboriginal peoples, immigration and ethnocultural diversity, and housing in Canada. This release focuses on key statistics about First Nations people, Métis and Inuit from the 2016 Census of Population. Sat 4 Nov 2017 06.00 EDT. In 2006, 4.8% of the Aboriginal population was 65 years of age and older; by 2016, this proportion had risen to 7.3%. While the First Nations population grew at the slowest pace in Western Canada (+32.2%), the region saw the largest total increase in the First Nations population (+134,550) in Canada. Aboriginal peoples of Canada Questions and Answers for Canadian Citizenship Test 2017. Over the coming months, Statistics Canada will continue to release results from the 2016 Census of Population, and provide an even more comprehensive picture of the Canadian population. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Among all CMAs, Aboriginal people accounted for the highest proportion of the population in Thunder Bay (12.7%), Winnipeg (12.2%) and Saskatoon (10.9%). Among Inuit in Inuit Nunangat, the majority (63.7% or 30,140) lived in Nunavut in 2016, while one-quarter (24.9%) lived in Nunavik, whose communities encircle the western, northern and northeastern coastlines of Quebec. The First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations continue to be significantly younger than the non-Aboriginal population, with proportionally more children and youth and fewer seniors. While the Aboriginal population is younger than the rest of the population in Canada, it is also aging. Alberta had the largest Métis population in the western provinces, accounting for 19.5% of the total Métis population. Many Inuit, outside of those living in Inuit Nunangat, lived in a city. There are several factors that can contribute to the higher growth rate for Aboriginal peoples, such as higher fertility rates. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Example: Between 1996 and 2006, Canada’s Aboriginal population grew by 45%. There were 1,796 cases of active TB reported in Canada in 2017, compared with 1,750 cases in 2016, representing a 2.6% increase. https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/dai/smr08/2018/smr08_225_2018 Meanwhile, the Métis population grew by 64.3% in Ontario and by 32.9% in the western provinces. The Métis population (587,545) had the largest increase of any of the groups over the 10-year span, rising 51.2% from 2006 to 2016. There is also an increasing tendency for people to identify themselves as Aboriginal in recent years which also contributes to this faster growth. Canada’s 1.4 million aboriginals, who make up about 4% of the population, experience higher levels of poverty and incarceration and have a lower life expectancy than other Canadians. More than 70 Aboriginal languages were reported on the 2016 Census. Almost one-quarter (24.2%) of the First Nations population lived in Ontario, the largest share among the provinces, while 9.5% lived in Quebec. Both the Dictionary and the Guide to the Census of Population are updated with additional information throughout the release cycle. The First Nations population includes those who are members of a First Nation/Indian Band and those who are not, as well as those with and without registered or treaty Indian status under the Indian Act. A further 7.5% of the First Nations population lived in the Atlantic provinces and 2.1% lived in the territories. Canada has a population of about 36.5 million, of which 1.5 million are considered aboriginal Canadians representing 4.3% of the population. 1. In Canada, Inuit have inhabited communities stretching from the westernmost Arctic to the eastern shores of Newfoundland and Labrador for uncounted generations. There were 69,360 Métis living in Quebec in 2016, accounting for 11.8% of the total Métis population. In Nunavut 27,360 people had an Aboriginal identity, representing 2.0% of the total Aboriginal population in Canada. If the current annual growth rate of 2.2% remains stable, the Aboriginal population can reach more than 900,000 by 2026. The Métis population grew at the fastest pace in Quebec (+149.2%) and the Atlantic provinces (+124.3%) from 2006 to 2016. The Aboriginal population in Canada is young and growing 23. Outside of Inuit Nunangat, the highest proportion of Inuit lived in the Atlantic provinces (30.6%). The other 23.8%, which did not have registered or treaty Indian status, has grown by 75.1% since 2006 to 232,375 people in 2016. 24. October 25, 2017: Aboriginal peoples : Aboriginal Identity (9), Age (20), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data Formats: HTML Beyond 20/20: 98-400-X2016166 : October 25, 2017 This web module has been designed to provide easy access to census data, free of charge. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. In addition, the Focus on Geography Series provides data and highlights on key topics found in this Daily release and in the Census in Brief articles at various levels of geography. ... Aboriginal women in Canada are being murdered at disproportionately high rates. Statistics Canada has reported unprecedented growth in Canada’s Indigenous population (Indian, Métis, and Inuit). Among the four regions of Inuit Nunangat, the Inuit population grew the fastest in Nunavik (+23.3%) and Nunavut (+22.5%) over the 10-year period. How much do you know about Aboriginal people & o The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … Geography-related 2016 Census Program products and services can be found under Geography. Just over one-third (34.0%) of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 years lived with a lone parent. While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. Approximately 97 per cent of th… Put simply, more people are newly identifying as Aboriginal on the census—a continuation of a trend over time. Of this group, 60.1% lived with two parents. The Aboriginal population is young. Census highlight tables provide population counts for Aboriginal identity for Canada, as well as provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions. Projections of the Aboriginal populations, Canada, Provinces and Territories. Over the same period, Aboriginal population growth was slowest in Regina (+26.4%), Winnipeg (+37.1%) and Saskatoon (+45.4%). Around one-third of First Nations people (29.2%) were 14 years of age or younger in 2016—over four times the proportion of those 65 years of age and older (6.4%). Can't find what you're looking for? This represented 2.0 hate crimes per 100,000 Aboriginal people in Canada in 2017. While aboriginal women make up only three percent of the female population, they account for ten percent of all female homicides in the country, and many of these homicides remain unsolved. This term is used throughout ... • Housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada ... 2017 • Population and dwelling counts May 3, 2017 • Age and sex • Type of dwelling It took until 2016 for population figures to recover. However, they too are aging—in 2016, those 65 years of age and older accounted for a larger share of the Aboriginal population than in the past. This release focuses on key statistics about First Nations people, Métis and Inuit from the 2016 Census of Population. 1,261. This year’s theme, “Building Sustainable Futures,” focuses on the education and employment of […] Statistics Canada released a new set of Census results on October 25, 2017. Reference materials contain information to help understand census data. There is a great diversity of Aboriginal languages in Canada. The Métis had the highest growth rate of all Aboriginal identity groups with their population nearly doubling between 1996 and 2006. Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. Aboriginal children were more likely to live in a variety of family settings, such as multi-generational homes, where both parents and grandparents are present. Projections suggest that the Aboriginal population could increase to approximately 1.4 million by 2017 from 1.1 million in 2006. When comparing data on Aboriginal people from the 2016 Census of Population to previous cycles, several factors should be taken into account. Both the number of cases and the rate of TB in Cana… First Nations children aged 0 to 4 years (38.9%) were the most likely to live with a lone parent, followed by Métis (25.5%) and Inuit (26.5%) children in the same age group. There was a corresponding increase in the incidence rate from 4.8 to 4.9 per 100,000 population. Aboriginal peoples have lived in what is now Canada long before the arrival of the first European settlers. Métis hold a unique cultural and historic place among the Aboriginal peoples in Canada, with distinct traditions, culture and language (Michif). Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. Among Inuit, one-third (33.0%) were 14 years of age or younger, while 4.7% were 65 years of age and older. Another 6.6% lived in the Inuvialuit region, which is located in the Western Arctic, while 4.8% lived in the communities of Nunatsiavut, along the northeastern coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. The survey collects information about First Nations people living off-reserve as well as Métis and Inuit people living throughout Canada. Is there information outdated? The 2017 numbers are the highest reported to date in a regional count and constitute a strong over-representation of Aboriginal People compared to the total homeless population in Metro Vancouver. Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. January 16, 2017(Ottawa, ON) – Today, Statistics Canada announced the commencement of the 5th cycle of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). The Inuit population (65,025) grew by 29.1% from 2006 to 2016. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of the non-Aboriginal population over the same period. More than 70 Aboriginal languages were reported on the 2016 Census. There were 587,545 Métis in Canada in 2016, accounting for 1.7% of the total population. The target population of the 2017 APS is composed of the Aboriginal identity population of Canada, 15 years of age or older as of January 15, 2017, living in private dwellings excluding people living on Indian reserves and settlements and in certain First Nations communities in Yukon and the Northwest Territories (NWT). Projections suggest that the Aboriginal population could increase to approximately 1.4 million by 2017 from 1.1 million in 2006. In 2016, 10.5% of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 were living with a lone parent and grandparent(s). Terminology. Most Inuit in the Atlantic provinces lived in Newfoundland and Labrador (23.5%), which accounted for almost one-quarter of the population of Inuit outside of Inuit Nunangat. The First Nations population was concentrated in the western provinces, with more than half of First Nations people living in British Columbia (17.7%), Alberta (14.0%), Manitoba (13.4%) and Saskatchewan (11.7%). This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. Although Canada’s Experts estimate the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders at more than 770,000 at the time of the invasion in 1788. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. The Daily,€Wednesday, October 25, 2017 2 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. As shown in the 2016 Census release on age and sex, seniors outnumbered children for the first time in Canada. This year’s theme, “Building Sustainable Futures,” focuses on the education and employment of […] There were 65,025 Inuit in Canada in 2016, up 29.1% from 2006. While First Nations people accounted for 2.8% of the total population of Canada, they accounted for one-tenth of the population in Saskatchewan (10.7%) and Manitoba (10.5%), and almost one-third of the population in the Northwest Territories (32.1%). New data also reveal both the changing nature and the diversity of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations. Inuit are the original people of the North American Arctic. Target population. By comparison, 30.3% of the non-Aboriginal population lived in the western provinces. For more information on the family characteristics of young Aboriginal children, see the article "Diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4". There were 145,645 Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 years enumerated in the 2016 Census, accounting for 8.7% of the total Aboriginal population. Among the 744,855 First Nations people with registered or treaty Indian status, 44.2% lived on reserve in 2016, while the rest of the population lived off reserve. The public is also invited to chat with our experts about Aboriginal peoples on Monday October 30, 2017 from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m., Eastern Time. For Métis, 22.3% of the population was 14 years of age or younger, compared with 8.7% who were 65 years of age and older. Like the overall population growth of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, the urbanization of Aboriginal peoples in Canada is due to multiple factors—including demographic growth, mobility and changing patterns of self-reported identity. There were 260,550 Aboriginal people who could speak an Aboriginal language in 2016, up 3.1% from 2006. However, many children living with a lone parent also lived with grandparent(s). Please see the 2016 Census Program release schedule to find out when data and analysis on the different topics will be released throughout 2017, and regularly consult the Census Program web module for the release of additional products. The growth rates for each of the Aboriginal identity groups were much higher than that of the non-Aboriginal population at 8% from 1996 to 2006. Since 2006, the national Aboriginal population has risen by a remarkable 42.5%, outrunning the growth of the non-Aboriginal population nearly four times over (10.9%). It fell to its low of around 117,000 people in 1900, a decrease by 84%. Is something not working? Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of the non-Aboriginal population over the same period. The First Nations population—including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Act and those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available. The proportion of the Canadian population that identify themselves as Aboriginal is projected to increase to 4% in 2017 from 3% in 2001.1. This was not the case among Aboriginal peoples. For more information, please visit the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami website. • First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit, under 6 years of age ... • Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2017 • Nunavut Supplement. They include the Guide to the Census of Population, 2016, which summarizes key aspects of the census, as well as response rates and other data-quality information. Outside of Inuit Nunangat, 56.2% of Inuit lived in a metropolitan area of at least 30,000 people. There were 744,855 First Nations people with registered or treaty Indian status in 2016, accounting for just over three-quarters (76.2%) of the First Nations population. 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