Wifredo Lam dared to dismantle it, fully expose it and forever changed Cuban art. Political and domestic economic crisis (1930 – 1933) The economic crisis in Spain had dire consequences for Lam’s own financial situation. Wifredo Lam - Totem à la Lune, 1955-57 - Oil, Wifredo Lam - Zambedia Zambedia, 1950 - Oil on canvas - Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 13, rue des Saints-Pères 75006 PARIS | Tel. Lam studied in Madrid and Paris, where he became close friends with Picasso and was introduced to Surrealism. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Wifredo Lam “Rhythm as Aesthetics, Art as Event: On Wifredo Lam’s Surrealism” Wyatt Sarafin New York University Two years after his return to Cuba, the surrealist painter Wifredo Lam had completed his most celebrated work, The Jungle, in 1943.Causing a scandal upon its release, The Jungle is an original but shocking synthesis of European and Caribbean style, fusing an … Three artists form the collection’s core: Victor Brauner, Max Ernst, and René Magritte. While Dada as a movement disintegrated around 1922, several of the artists and many of their ideas reemerged in the Surrealist movement. Fouchet, Wifredo Lam, 1st ed., Barcelona/Paris, Poligrafa/Cercle d'Art, 1976, p. 98, no. Home/ Artists/ Surrealism / Wifredo Lam/ All works. Josep Llorens Artigas. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. As its name suggests, these artists claimed to show a sur-reality, a higher reality, than what the surface typically shows. New York, The Bronx Museum of the Arts, The Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970, September 1988- January 1989, no. In Lam, the Woman-Horse does not designate a mythological creature half-woman half-horse but a woman possessed by a deity called oricha. Lam is remembered by his Surrealist … Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. Jul 14, 2016 - Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother in 1902. Wifredo Lam met the German Surrealist Max Ernst during his stay in the French port town of Marseilles between 1940 and 1941, at the onset of the Second World War.The friendship between them, characterized by camaraderie and mutual admiration, endured beyond their wartime exodus. your own Pins on Pinterest. While there he befriended Pablo Picasso, who introduced Lam to leading artists, including André Breton, Joan Miró and Óscar Domínguez, and writers such as Benjamin Péret and Pierre Mabille. See more ideas about cuban art, art, artist. Wifredo Lam: List of works - All Artworks by Date 1→10. Pierre de Ligny  Boudreau Collection, Paris (past member of staff of the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York), Literature : He continues to exhibit and travel as a citizen of the world through the end of his life. The Menil also has work by Hans Arp, Joseph Cornell, Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dalí, Marcel Duchamp, Alberto Giacometti, Paul Klee, Wifredo Lam, Roberto Matta, Joan Miró, Meret Oppenheim, Francis Picabia, Yves Tanguy, and Dorthea Tanning. Previous | Next. In 1968, Lam was included in the itinerant exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, Dada, Surrealism and Their Heritage. (50.5 x 40 cm.) Transgressive Art. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Biography. The Cuban-born artist Wifredo Lam (who was of mixed Afro-Chinese-Cuban descent), was another important artist in the Surrealist movement. Painted circa 1968. In November 1942, the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York organized its first solo exhibition Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam. (Sagua La Grande-Cuba, 1902 - Paris, 1982), Pen and Indian ink, pencil, wash and watercolour on paper They amassed the most significant holdings of these artists’ work in the United States, and initiated and funded catalogues raisonné of Magritte’s and Ernst’s oeuvres. Private collection, Rome. Anchored by an exceptional and diverse ensemble of Surrealist works by masters such as Wifredo Lam, Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, and Frida Kahlo, the collection is equally complemented by outstanding paintings by the most accomplished artists of the Cuban vanguardia, including Mario Carreño, Cundo Bermúdez, Mariano Rodríguez and René … Wifredo Lam was exposed to various works of art at the Prado Museum, from Hieronymus Bosch to Henri Matisse, as well as latest tendencies embodied in Surrealism. Artists; Bookshop; About; Contact; Close. A Surrealist Wifredo Lam Painting Belonging to Gabriel García Márquez Comes to Auction. Their output was stylistically and technically diverse and made use of mass media, photomontage, collage, poetry, and performance to broadcast their protests. The doors of Surrealism had opened to him. ... Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, Dada and Surrealism in Chicago Collections, December 1984- January 1985. Find more prominent pieces of figurative at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. They shared a common interest in feminine archetypes, seen in Lam’s horse-headed female avatars, known as … wifredo lam. by Kathy Zimmerer (Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills) A rich treasure trove of Surrealist-inspired drawings by Wifredo Lam chronicles a period from 1940-41, when he was literally in a artistc and personal limbo at the Chateau de Air-Bel in Marseilles during 1940-41 .Lam was an enigmatic artist … Contemporary Art. Search. May 27, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Surrealist Revolution. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, when he moved to Paris. Artist Inspiration Art Painting Art World Art For Art Sake Expressionism Painting Cuban Art American Art Latin Artists Art. Anchored in Surrealism by exceptional works by Wifredo Lam, Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, Leonor Fini, and Alice Rahon, the collection is complemented by outstanding paintings by two of the most accomplished artists of la vanguardia Cubana: Mario Carreño and Cundo Bermúdez. Wifredo Lam was born the last of nine children in 1911 to Yam Lam and his second wife.Yam Lam had immigrated to Cuba from Canton, Ohio, and was of Chinese descent. The work is a highlight of the upcoming Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale on 13 November in New York. From that time, Lam's works developed political messages of denunciation and protest as well as esoteric symbols. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (Chinese: 林飛龍; Jyutping: lam4 fei1lung4; December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), better known as Wifredo Lam, was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture.Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, including Pablo Picasso, Henri … Wifredo Lam was born in Cuba in 1902 of mixed heritage, and pursued a successful artistic career on both sides of the Atlantic. Profoundly shaped by his native country, Lam created a unique body of work that married the audacity of Western avant-garde painting and imagery from African and Caribbean cultures. While Lam became an active member of the s… The multicultural surrealist artist Wifredo Lam was born to a Chinese father and Cuban mother of African and Spanish descent and raised in Cuba. A work by Cuban surrealist painter Wifredo Lam sells for $4.5m at an auction in New York, a record price for one of his works. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. The Pierre Matisse Gallery realized other solo Lam exhibitions in 1948 and then in 1950. Lam initially studied painting in Havana, but soon radically developed his artistic practice in Europe through study of the work of Old Masters such as Diego Velázquez and Francisco de Goya, as well as exposure to modern artists such as Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. Wifredo Lam (Cuban 1902-1982) Untitled (Idoli) signed 'Wifredo Lam' (lower right and again on the reverse) oil on canvas 19 7/8 x 15¾ in. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. 1949 A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. Apparently full of compassion and aware of social inequality which was related to his own background, the artist was quite moved by the hard lives of Spanish peasants and became involved in Spanish Civil War . His early travels to Europe exposed him to modernist styles, and important friendships with Pablo Picasso and André Breton secured his … He drew on the magical world of his childhood, drawing inspiration from Oceanian art but also from Cuban religious ceremonies such as the Santería or the Afro-Cuban initiatory rites of the secret society Abakuá. (99 x 70 cm.) A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. When Lam returned to Cuba, he began to examine his own African heritage: his mother was Afro-Cuban, and his godmother was a … Wifredo Lam (Cuban 1902-1982) Untitled (Idoli) signed 'Wifredo Lam' (lower right and again on the reverse) oil on canvas 19 7/8 x 15¾ in. Search; Artists; Wifredo Lam; Wifredo Lam. Their holdings, which eventually grew to include over 300 paintings, sculptures, and works on paper, include important examples of such characteristic techniques as automatic drawing, collage, decalomania, exquisite corpse, and frottage. Painted in 1964, the same year Wifredo Lam won the Guggenheim International Award, Untitled is a quintessential example of the acclaimed artist’s late work. Although the painting techniques Lam used combined elements from Surrealism and Cubism, the end result did not belong to any other style present during his time. Reacting to the devastation of the First World War, the artists active in Dada mined the legacy of earlier modern movements such as Futurism, Cubism, and Expressionism to spawn an anti-art program of dissent and agitation. Surrealist photographs include vintage prints by Hans Bellmer along with works by Brassaï, Henri Cartier-Bresson, André Kertész, and Man Ray. A painting by Cuban surrealist artist Wifredo Lam fetched a record personal price at a Latin American art sale at auctioneers Sotheby's in New York. Lam relocated to Paris in 1938. Working mainly in gouache , he began painting fantastical figures with fragmented, geometrical bodies and often with a combination of human and animal parts and faces resembling the African carvings that so fascinated him and his peers. At the Prado, he discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. Mother and child II, 1939 . Transnational Surrealism - Tropiques, Wifredo Lam and Aime Cesaire Back in April 2011, Prof Dawn Ades (Oxford U/ Dept of History) 53 mins lecture on the 1941 collaboration between the Cesaires and the Cuban-born artist Wifredo Lam, who had met in Martinique in April 1941. Discover (and save!) 103 (illustrated in color). The lush nature of Sagua La Grande and derived beliefs Cuban voodoo causes since childhood a striking impact on Lam. A native Cuban, Lam hailed from Chinese, European, Indian, and mixed-African descent, and he was deeply influenced by African spiritual practices such as Santeria. The deep impact of the Surrealist movement on Latin American art is made clear through a major exhibition in Florida. It shared with Dada a revulsion for the hypocrisy of bourgeois society and an aim to reveal and revel in the true nature of humanity. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, … Lam began The Jungle, his best-known work, in 1943. From 1920 to 1923 Lam first studied at the Academy San Alejandro in Havana. Explore. They began to collect Surrealism in earnest in the late 1940s under the guidance of dealer Alexandre Iolas, a champion of the movement in the United States. The Dada movement emerged in Zurich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire in 1916. Wifredo Lam was a twentieth century Cuban artist and one of the most influential ones in Latin American Modernism. Wifredo Lam was exposed to various works of art at the Prado Museum, from Hieronymus Bosch to Henri Matisse, as well as latest tendencies embodied in Surrealism. ... when Lam embraced Surrealism and returned to his homeland as an adult and a mature artist. Galleria Il Prisma, Cuneo, Italy. Inscribed in the archives of the estate Wifredo Lam, Certificate of authenticity by Mr. Eskil Lam, Paris on November 28, 2017. Wifredo Lam, The Jungle (La Jungla), gouache on paper mounted on canvas, 1943, Museum of Modern Art, New York. References. Signed and dated lower right Wifredo Lam Surrealism (Sagua La Grande-Cuba, 1902 - Paris, 1982) Wilfredo LAM was born in 1902 in the town of Sagua La Grande in Cuba, a Chinese father and a mulatto mother, dual African and Spanish descent. Featured Images:(Click to Enlarge) Wifredo Lam, Personnages (Characters), 1945, oil on canvas, 24 x 24 in. Wifredo Lam “Rhythm as Aesthetics, Art as Event: On Wifredo Lam’s Surrealism” Wyatt Sarafin New York University Two years after his return to Cuba, the surrealist painter Wifredo Lam had completed his most celebrated work, The Jungle, in 1943. Art. Saved by Surrealist Revolution. Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande-Cuba, 1902 - Paris, 1982) Sans titre, 1949 . The transformation into a horse is the very condition of entry into a trance. PANEL. All works areUntitled, ink on paper,1940. Lam’s paintings reflected on social injustices and spirituality. In 1923, Lam moved to Spain, where he remained until the late 1930s. Galleria Sianesi, Milan. 21 x 19.7 cm (dimensions of the composition), Provenance : At the time of his son Wifredo’s birth, Yam Lam was already eighty-four years old. Lam was captivated by Surrealism and the opportunity it offered to access the unconscious through automatic writing: “Surrealism allows for deliverance from cultural alienation,” he once said, and for unearthing one's true self. Wifredo LAM Wifredo Lam Surrealism. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,705 artworks on artnet. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Wifredo Lam’s Femme avec un oiseau (1949) is an important work from the Collection of Mercedes and Gabriel García Márquez. The artist studied and synthesized African art, Cubism, and Surrealism while working for eighteen years in Europe, first in Spain and later in Paris, where he befriended Pablo Picasso and poet André Breton, Surrealism… Anchored by an exceptional and diverse ensemble of Surrealist works by masters such as Wifredo Lam, Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, and Frida Kahlo, the collection is equally complemented by outstanding paintings by the most accomplished artists of the Cuban vanguardia, including Mario Carreño, Cundo Bermúdez, Mariano Rodríguez and René Portocarrero, as well as iconic examples by … Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who developed close ties to the surrealist movement and artists in the Cobra group. Surrealism’s involvement with myth, the subconscious, automatism, and, in particular, non-Western art was critical to the development of his work. Lam, Wilfredo (1902-1982) -1941 Papaya and Cane (Private Collection) Oil on canvas; 147.3 x 116.8 cm. APPROPRIATING AND SYNTHESIZING CUBISM AND SURREALISM: WIFREDO LAM’S 1940S CUBAN WORKS Kelsey Winiarski ARTH 5750: Critical Issues in World Art November, 7, 2013 . Wifredo LAM (1902-1982) (Cuba) is an artist born in 1902 The oldest auction result ever registered on the website for an artwork by this artist is a drawing-watercolor sold in 1983, at Briest, and the most recent auction result is a print-multiple sold in 2021. He continues to exhibit and travel as a citizen of the world through the end of his life. M.P. Galleria Tornabuoni, Firenze. His peripatetic life brought him into contact with all the avant-garde movements of his times―cubism, surrealism, CoBrA―whose incentives for greater freedom in art, for unleashing the unconscious, and for exploring the “marvelous” through automatic writing had great impact on his … +33 (0)1 40 15 00 15 | galerie.des.modernes@orange.fr, 13, rue des Saints-Pères 75006 PARIS. In June 1944, it devoted a second exhibition to him, then a third one in November 1945. In the forties, Lam painted one of his greatest masterpieces, The Jungle, (1943), acquired by the MoMA, New York, in 1945. In 1968, Lam was included in the itinerant exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, Dada, Surrealism and Their Heritage. Return to Articles WIFREDO LAM. - Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam and Eva Piriz, whom he had met two years earlier, were married. It is composed in the form of a diptych with on the left, a totem and on the right, a Woman-Horse inspired by the cult Santería. Painted in 1944. Arts of the Americas and Pacific Northwest. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. Taking their name from the French word for “hobbyhorse”­—reportedly chosen at random from the dictionary—the Dadaists rebelled against prevailing notions of artistic taste, materialism, and societal conventions. . New York. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. In 1972, an entire room was dedicated to the artist at the 36 th Venice Biennale. A major early 20th-century painter, the Cuban artist Wifredo Lam is celebrated for fusing elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture. It shared with Dada a revulsion for the hypocrisy of bourgeois society and an aim to reveal and revel in the true nature of humanity. In 1939, Lam met poet and founder of Surrealism André Breton and became associated with the Surrealist movement, which affected his style. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) ... His Firebird sculpture featured in our partner sale, produced in 1970 and incorporating the legacy of cubism, surrealism, spirituality and the influence of African sculptures, is one of the very few examples of the artist’s sculptural works. The painter says, "So I started making paintings in the African direction." ... Surrealism was founded by the poet André Breton, who acted as the primary spokesman and gatekeeper for the group. A mysterious figure emerges from a cosmic orange background, equally reminiscent of a two-winged horse and Lam’s iconic motif of the femme-cheval or "horse-headed woman”. It soon sprang up in Berlin, Cologne, Hannover, New York, and Paris. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who developed close ties to the surrealist movement and artists in the Cobra group. Despite the penury of the newly weds, however, the birth of their son, Wilfredo Victor, brought them much joy. Cuban artist Wifredo Lam joined Breton and his Surrealist circle in 1940, after they went into self-exile in Martinique. Lam began The Jungle, his best-known work, in 1943. Our watercolor, Sans Titre, executed in 1949 combines themes very representative of the art of Lam. Roberto Matta, El Profeta (The Prophet), 1948, oil on canvas, 39 1⁄2 and 33 in. ‘Gravure, Uno’ was created in 1967 by Wifredo Lam in Surrealism style. John and Dominique de Menil commissioned a portrait of Dominique from Max Ernst shortly after they married. Cuban artist Wifredo Lam’s early paintings were in the modernist Spanish tradition though by the 1930s the influence of Surrealism appeared. Dec 9, 2018 - Wifredo Lam was a Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. Rizziero Arte, Teramo, Italy. The presence of occult elements became more dominant in his work from 1947 and his work gained international momentum. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Wifredo Lam Cuban Combining human, vegetal, and animal elements, Lam’s large figure features pointed ears, a horse’s snout, fruit-shaped breasts, and pronounced hands. Much more centralized and with its headquarters in Paris, Surrealism was founded by the poet André Breton, who acted as the primary spokesman and gatekeeper for the group. 24.3 x 31.4 cm (dimensions of the paper) Profoundly shaped by his native country, Lam created a unique body of work that married the audacity of Western avant-garde painting and imagery from African and Caribbean cultures. While Lam's early paintings were in the modernistSpanish tradition, hi… Provenance. His mother was Cuban of African and Spanish descent, and Wifredo was one of eight children. Cuban, 1902–1982. The study of myth played a key role in Freudian psychoanalysis, which, in turn, laid the intellectual groundwork for Surrealism. An … In 1972, an entire room was dedicated to the artist at the 36 th Venice Biennale. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (Chinese: 林飛龍; Jyutping: lam4 fei1lung4; December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), better known as Wifredo Lam, was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,707 artworks on artnet. Cuban, 1902–1982. Wifredo Lam died September 11, 1982, in Paris. Wifredo Lam: Imagining New Worlds, a retrospective currently on view at Atlanta’s High Museum of Art, examines his relationship to literature. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists.A native Cuban, Lam hailed from Chinese, European, Indian, and mixed-African descent, and he was deeply influenced by African spiritual practices such as Santeria. Wifredo’s mother was a mulatto woman with some American Indian blood. Artprice.com's price levels for this artist are based on 4,149 auction results. PANEL. Art Studies. Jan 10, 2016 - Explore Surrealist Revolution's board "Wilfredo Lam", followed by 337 people on Pinterest. Galleria La Gaia, Busca, Italy. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Wifredo Lam (Cuban 1902-1982) Untitled signed and dated 'Wifredo Lam 1944' (lower right) gouache on paper 39 x 27½ in. I n the 1940s André Breton and a group of his Surrealist friends (Wifredo Lam, Max Ernst, Jacqueline Lamba, Oscar Dominguez, Victor Brauner, Jacques Hérold, André Masson and Frédéric Delanglade) were stranded in the French port of Marseilles whilst attempting to escape Nazi-occupied Europe and gain passage to America. … The Menil Collection enjoys a well-deserved reputation for its outstanding holdings of artists related to these movements. 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